It covers an area of 296 ha, covers the sandy terrain of the Subotica-Horgos sandstone, in the far north of the Republic of Serbia along the border with the Republic of Hungary. On the south side of the area is Palic Lake and Ludos Lake. The area is divided into three vineyards: Ridicko, Palicko and Horgosko Vineyards. The area is a typical plain, with no slope, generally from 80 to 130 m.n.v.
It covers an area of 1,813 ha and is located on the slopes of Fruška Gora facing the Danube (north) and Sava (south) rivers, excluding the area of Fruska Gora National Park. This area is generally characterized by moderately steep to gentle slopes of vineyard terrain. The area is characterized mainly by northern and southern exposures of the terrain. The Danube River, which is located on the north side of the region, has a great impact on the area and affects the early ripening of grapes due to the increased diffuse radiation. The Srem region is the only one with only one vineyard: Fruška Gora vineyards from 90 to 270 m.n.v, characterized by moderately steep to gentle slopes of the terrain on which they are located. The exposition is mostly southern and northern, but there are also northeast and southeast.
Three Morava Region
It covers 6,162 ha and is located in the central part of Serbia, in the lower basin of the West Morava River, the lower basin of South Morava and the upper basin of Velika Morava and their tributaries. On the west and north side it is bordered by the mountains: Gledicke Mountains and Besnjaja, on the south side by the mountains: Goc, Zeljin, Kopaonik and Jastrebac and on the eastern side by the mountains: Beljanica, Kucajske planine, Rtanj and Ozren. The area is divided into nine vineyards: Paracin, Jagodin, Jovac, Levac, Temnic, Trsteno, Krusevac, Parish and Razanj. The area consists of the mountains Veliki Jastrebac and Mali Jastrebac from the south steep area. On the west side of the area are the Gladice mountains, Goc and Zeljin. On the east side there are Kucai mountains, Baba, Smoljinac and Mojsinjska planina. In the central part is Mount Juhor, which does not enter the vineyard. The wreaths and slopes of all these mountains, as well as the hilly terrain represented more in the western, southwestern and southeastern parts of the region, intersected by riverbeds, characterize this region graphically. The area occupies the area around the Great Morava River and near the confluence of the West and South Moravas.
Wine grape varieties from the territory of the Republic of Serbia:
Indigenous and regional
Tamjanika, Smederevka, Jagoda, Bagrina, Slankamenka, Kevedinka, Bakator, Srenski Zelenak…
Created / Newly Created
Morava, Neoplanta, Sila, Petra, Petka, Godomin, Backa, Zupljanka, Rubinka, Panonia
Indigenous and regional
Prokupac, Vranc, Kadarka, Crna Tamjanika, Zacinak, Kavcina, Portogizer, Frankovka…
Created / Newly Created
Probus, Negotinka, Karmen
If we look for two synonyms through the white and black grape varieties, to which we will present essential viticultural and wine Serbia in its full traditional form, there is no doubt that they are Tamjanika and Prokupac. Two grape varieties, which reached the end of the 20th century at the level of extinction, preserved in the heart of Serbia, in Zupa, today represent the most popular indigenous varieties on the market.
After arriving in the Balkan Peninsula in the 7th century, the Slavs quickly became acquainted with the vine, grapes and wine, embracing the cultural heritage of Byzantium, which dates back to the ancient era.
During the Nemanjic dynasty, viticulture in Serbia was experiencing a great upswing. During this period it developed especially on monastery estates – metos and estates of the Serbian nobility. All Serbian rulers paid great attention to viticulture and thus created the foundations of today’s winegrowing areas. The parish was first mentioned in the 12th century. Stefan Nemanja donated it to the Studenica Monastery.
It was recorded that during the time of Emperor Dusan (1331-1355) wine was transported by vineyard from the cellar in Velika Hoca (the village is preserved to this day) to the then capital Prizren, and Emperor Dušan also legally regulated the obligation to cultivate the vineyards, protect the quality of grapes and prohibit mixing water and wine. It was also known that there was a person in the court who was looking after the cellar and serving wine. Known today as the sommelier, it was then the title of cup-bearer and was carried by Pribac Hrebljanovic, father of Prince Lazar Hrebljanovic.
With the penetration of the Turks into these areas, the Serbian viticulture gradually declined. The population migrated north across the Sava and Danube, carrying with them vines. It is assumed that this is exactly when Kadarka came right to Fruska Gora and then to Hungary. Same with Furmint and Incense (which is known as Sargamuskotaly in Tokai). After the restoration of the Serbian state and the intensive development of viticulture, the golden age of the sector was interrupted by phylloxera in the second half of the 19th century, which devastated a large number of vineyards. Vineyard restoration was quick and efficient thanks to the establishment of vineyards. At the same time, wine-growing cooperatives are being established, and the first one was the Venetian Viticultural Cooperative, founded in 1903 in the village of Banja near Arandjelovac.
Between the two great wars, viticulture was again intensively developing, but it all stopped at the beginning of World War II, and later continued with the development of large state estates and wineries that were all obliged to sell grapes. that is why individual production ceases. The re-formation of private wineries began in the early 1990s and their development is still ongoing.